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ANNO 2016

Da defenseworld.net del 14 dicembre 2016
India To Test Agni-V Ballistic Missile Soon

India To Test Agni-V Ballistic Missile Soon

India will test-launch its Agni-V intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in its final operational configuration from Wheeler Island off Odisha by early new year.

Defence sources told Economic Times that preparations were on in full swing to launch the nuclear-capable Agni-V from its canister on a launcher truck towards December-end or early January. "There were some minor technical snags in Agni-V, which required tweaking of its internal battery and electronic configurations after its last test in January 2015," a source was quoted as saying.

The impending fourth test of Agni-V, capable of striking even the northernmost parts of China, is in itself significant. "This will be the final test of the three-stage Agni-V, which will be tested for its full range, before the Strategic Forces Command (SFC) begins its user trials," the source said. The tri-Service SFC will conduct at least two tests before the missile is produced in adequate numbers for induction. Apart from the shorter range Prithvi and Dhanush missiles, the SFC has inducted the Agni-I, Agni-II and Agni-III missiles.


China To Test Dong Neng-3 Anti-Satellite Missile
Da defenseworld.net del 10 dicembre 2016

The Long March 11 Rocket with Dong Neng Kill Vehicle

China is readying to conduct next week a flight test of Dong Neng-3 missile that can destroy satellites in space. Test preparations for the Dong Neng-3 anti-satellite missile were detected at a military facility in central China, according to Pentagon officials familiar with reports of the impending test, FreeBeacon reported Friday. Intelligence agencies were alerted to the impending test by China’s announcement of air closure zones covering the expected flight path of the DN-3. The flight test could come as early as Thursday, the officials said.

The missile tests were expected from the People’s Liberation Army satellite launch facility known as Jiuquan, located in Inner Mongolia. Further a second launch complex is at Korla, located in Xinjiang, western China, Asia watcher Henri Kenhmann reported on his website Eastpendulum.com this week. The expected tests were based on Chinese government announcements of air closure areas for Dec. 7 and Dec. 8 near those sites. The flight tests could involve a missile defense interceptor test, Kenhmann said. China’s ballistic missile defense and anti-satellite missile programs are closely intertwined. After Beijing came under international criticism following a 2007 anti-satellite missile test that left thousands of pieces of floating debris in space, it began conducting its anti-satellite missile program under cover of a missile defense system.

The last time China tested a DN-3 anti-satellite missile was Oct. 30, 2015 from the Korla Missile Test Complex. The anti-satellite missiles are part of what the Pentagon calls “counterspace” forces, part of China’s large-scale military buildup.

“The PLA is acquiring a range of technologies to improve China’s counterspace capabilities,” the Pentagon’s latest report on the Chinese military said.

“In addition to the development of directed energy weapons and satellite jammers, China is also developing anti-satellite capabilities and has probably made progress on the anti-satellite missile system it tested in July 2014.”

In addition to missiles and lasers, China also is working on small maneuvering satellites that can grab and destroy orbiting satellites. The DN-3 appears to be based on the Kuaizhou-1 (KZ-1) mobile space launch vehicle, Richard Fisher, a China military affairs specialist, said. “It’s about the same size as the DF-31 solid fuel mobile intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM),” he said. “The DN-3 could be capable of hitting satellites more than 18,640 miles away in space more than enough to reach large US surveillance satellites that occupy orbit 186 to 620 miles from earth,” Fisher, senior fellow at the International Assessment and Strategy Center said. “In late 2016 or by mid 2017 the PLA may test a larger solid fuel mobile space launch vehicle called the KZ-11, with a 2-meter diameter motor similar in size to the new large and multiple warhead armed DF-41 ICBM,” Fisher said. Another space launcher on a mobile transporter is being developed called the Long March-11 (LM-11).



New Russian Bastion-P mobile coastal defense missile system spotted near Moscow
Da defence-blog.com del 7 novembre 2016

The new K-300P Bastion-P mobile coastal defence missile system was spotted on Station Stroika in Moscow Region.

The K-300P Bastion-P coastal defence missile system is known in the West as SSC-5 Stooge.

The Bastion-P is in service with the Russian armed forces. First 3 systems were delivered to the Russian military in 2010. These are in service with the Black Sea Fleet. Latter one more missile system was delivered to the Black Sea Fleet and 2 systems to the Northern Fleet. This coastal defense system has been exported to Syria (2 systems) and Vietnam (2 systems).

The main role of the Bastion-P is to engage various surface ships. It can also engage carrier battle groups, convoys or landing craft. In some cases missiles fired from this system can target surface targets.



Russia Launches RS-18 Ballistic Missile
Da defenseworld.net del 25 ottobre 2016

Russia's Strategic Missile Forces has launched RS-18 (SS-19 Stiletto) two-stage ballistic missile from south- western Russia into the Far East. "The launch was carried out successfully; the ballistic warhead has been delivered to the area of the Kura range (Kamchatka Peninsula)," the Defense Ministry said in a statement Tuesday.

The purpose of morning launch from the Yasny missile formation in Orenburg Region is aimed to confirm the stability of flight performance characteristics for missiles of similar class at extended-use periods.

The UR-100N/ SS-19 Stiletto is a fourth-generation silo-launched liquid-propellant ICBM similar to the UR-100. The SS-19 is approximately 80 feet long and 8 1/2 feet in diameter. The missile was not designed to use existing UR-100 silos, and therefore had new silos constructed for it.

The UR-100N uses asymmetrical dimethylhidrazine and nitrogen tetraoxide propellants. The first stage consists of four autonomous closed-cycle single-chambered rocket motors. The second stage has a closed-cycle single chambered sustainer and a four chambered open cycle control motor with four rotating nozzles.



Russia will position troops fifty miles from Alaska
Da defence-blog.com del 1 settembre 2016

Russia has announced plans to position a new coastal defense military division along its eastern coast, with some troops expected to be stationed approximately 50 miles from Alaska.

That was reported by www.infowars.com. The new division, expected to be in place by 2018, will be responsible for defending Russia’s sparsely populated Far East, stretching from the Alaskan border to the Kuril Islands, which are disputed with Japan.  Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu indicated the new division will be expected to “ensure control of the closed sea zones of the Kuril Islands and the Bering Strait, cover the routes of Pacific Fleet forces’ deployment in the Far Eastern and Northern sea zones, and increase the combat viability of naval strategic nuclear forces.”

“It’s obvious that this is not just ordinary news, not least because what we’re talking about is the creation of a serious military force just a stone’s throw away from the United States: only the Bering Strait will separate the Russian coastal defense division from Alaska,” Sergei Ishchenko, a defense analyst for Svobodnaya Pressa, said. “At its narrowest point, that’s only 86 km away.” “Therefore, it’s worth taking a closer look at this announcement.” The Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, directly across the Bering Sea from Alaska, once housed SS-20 Saber intermediate-range nuclear-capable ballistic missiles. Long range Tu-22M Backfire and Tu-95 Bear bombers once used Ugolny Airport, located just east of the city of Anadyr, as a base to conduct air patrols in the Pacific. Those same bombers have begun using Ugolny Airport again, this time as a stopover for air patrols off the Alaskan and American West coasts.

Nuclear-capable ballistic missiles, submarines and long-range bombers positioned along the Russian Far Eastern coast should serve as a significant cause of concern for anyone concerned about the prospect of nuclear war. Clear Air Force Station, which houses a radar station designed to detect ICBMs and submarine-launched ballistic missiles, Eareckson Air Station, which houses the Cobra-Dane radar system, and Joint Base Elmendorf–Richardson, site of Alaska Command, NORAD Alaska, the 4th Brigade Combat Team (Airborne), 25th Infantry Division and the 11th Air Force, would all be under direct threat of attack.

“In any case, the staff at the Elmendorf base, and the troops at Fort Richardson will go to bed at night with an uneasy feeling, as they did during Cold War days,” Ishchenko added. F-22 Raptors based at Joint Base Elmendorf–Richardson will also have difficulty responding to Russian air incursions, as they have done in the past, if the Iskander ballistic missile system were deployed to the Russian Far East. The Iskander is a mobile missile system capable of targeting aircraft and launching nuclear-armed missiles at targets up to 300 miles away.


REVEALED: British-era bunker under Maharashtra governor's residence
Da rediff.com del 17 agosto 2016

A 150-metre long underground British-era bunker, which had been closed for several decades, was discovered by Maharashtra Governor Ch Vidyasagar Rao inside the Raj Bhavan complex at Malabar Hill in Mumbai. Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis visited the bunker on Tuesday, a Raj Bhavan official said.

Rao, accompanied by his wife Vinodha, visited the bunker on Tuesday, after which the governor expressed his intention to consult experts from various fields to preserve it. ‘Amazing Discovery! Hon Governor of Maharashtra discovers a very big, well built tunnel beneath Raj Bhavan in Mumbai (sic),’ Fadnavis tweeted.

On August 12, the staff of the Public Works Department at Raj Bhavan broke open a temporary wall that closed the entrance to the bunker on the eastern side, the official said in a statement.

Instead of an underground tunnel, an entire barrack with 13 rooms of different sizes was found.

‘Tunnel has several spaces created on its both sides to store arms & ammunition. It also has rooms for people to live (sic),’ Fadnavis said in another tweet.

The bunker opens with a 20-ft tall gate and a ramp on the western side. There are long passages and small to medium rooms on either side, the Raj Bhavan official said.

The bunker spread over an area of over 5,000 square feet has rooms bearing the name Shell Store, Gun Shell, Cartridge Store, Shell Lift, Pump, Workshop etc. There are also scores of Lamp Recesses in the gangway.

Even though the bunker was apparently closed after independence, it was found to be surprisingly intact. ‘

Experts are being called to demystify the history of tunnel. Hon Governor has spoken to Hon President about this (sic),’ Fadnavis tweeted. Interestingly the entire underground bunker has a drainage system and inlets for fresh air and light, the official said.

According to the history of Raj Bhavans in Maharashtra, Raj Bhavan, formerly known as ‘Government House’, served as the residence of British governors since 1885, when Lord Reay turned it into a permanent residence. Prior to 1885, the Malabar Hill residence served as the Summer Residence of the British governors. The Government House at Parel served as the governor’s residence before 1885. IMAGES: Maharashtra Governor Ch Vidyasagar Rao with Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis and other officials visit a British-era tunnel found under Raj Bhavan in Mumbai. Photographs: @Dev_Fadnavis/Twitter


Lockheed Martin to start installing Aegis Ashore missile-defense equipment in Poland
Da militaryaerospace.com del 10 agosto 2016

DAHLGREN, Va., 10 August. 2016. U.S. missile-defense experts starting to install electronic equipment at a new anti-ballistic-missile site in northern Poland near the Baltic coast. Officials of the U.S. Missile Defense Agency (MDA) in Dahlgren, Va., announced a $36.4 million contract Tuesday to the Lockheed Martin Corp. Mission Systems and Training segment in Moorestown, N.J., to install Aegis Ashore equipment at the missile-defense site in Redzikowo, Poland. Aegis Ashore is the land-based component of the Aegis ballistic missile defense (BMD) system developed originally for deployment at sea aboard specially equipped U.S. Navy Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers. Lockheed Martin to install, integrate, and test Aegis Ashore equipment in a deckhouse and deckhouse support building at the Redzikowo, Poland, missile-defense site. Aegis is not a military acronym, but is the name of the shield of the Greek God Zeus.

Related: Army ready to begin construction of Aegis Ashore ballistic missile defense site in Poland

The land-based Aegis Ashore system is designed to be removable to support worldwide deployment. In addition to Aegis BMD at sea, Aegis Ashore is part of Phased Adaptive Approach (PAA) Phases II and III, MDA officials say. Aegis Ashore uses the same AN/SPY-1 radar; command, control, communications, computers and intelligence (C4I) systems; Vertical Launch System; computer processors; display system; power supplies; and water coolers that are used onboard the Navy's new construction Aegis BMD destroyers. U.S. and Polish government officials staged a ground-breaking ceremony last May at the Redzikowo missile-defense site, which is part of a larger initiative to help defend NATO countries from nuclear ballistic missile attack. A separate Aegis Ashore anti-missile battery is operational in Deveselu, Romania, to help defend Southern Europe, and the Redzikowo, Poland, Aegis Ashore site will help defend Northern Europe when it becomes operational in 2018. The Aegis ballistic missile defense system uses the Lockheed Martin Aegis weapon system and the Raytheon RIM-161 Standard Missile 3. Subcontractors include Boeing Defense, Space & Security; Alliant Techsystems (ATK); Honeywell; Naval Surface Warfare Center; SPAWAR Systems Center; Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL); and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Laboratory. Aegis Ashore is designed to defeat short-to-intermediate-range ballistic missile threats. The European Phased Adaptive Approach is designed to deal with Iranian short- and intermediate-range ballistic missile threats to U.S. assets, personnel, and allies in Europe. On this contract Lockheed Martin will do the work at the Aegis Ashore missile-defense site in Redzikowo, Poland, and should be finished by December 2018. For more information contact Lockheed Martin Mission Systems and Training online at www.lockheedmartin.com/us/mst, or the Missile Defense Agency at www.mda.mil.  By John Keller


Reconnaissance UAV captures Topol-M missile drills in Moscow region
Da defence-blog.com del 12 luglio 2016

Russia’s Strategic Missile Forces conducted combat readiness drills centred around the Topol-M intercontinental ballistic missile outside of Moscow, Tuesday.

Several hundred military vehicles, including mobile intercontinental ballistic missile complexes (ICBMs), are taking part in extensive field exercises throughout Russia, training in counter-sabotage and performing simulated launch drills.

About 400 military vehicles, among them autonomous missile launchers Topol, Topol-M and Yars, accompanied by command posts, security vehicles, anti-sabotage complexes armed with drones and combat robots are out in the open for drills, the Russian Defense Ministry said in a statement.

Land-based mobile missile systems must be protected at every stage while on the patrol, which lasts up to a month. The military vehicles are rolling through the woods from the European part of Russia to the remote wilderness of the Altay Region.



Da defenseworld.net del 29 giugno 2016

Exocet MM40 Block 3 anti-ship missile fired from a FREMM frigate (Image: MBDA)


Vom MBDA Italia has signed contract worth more than 1 billion euros to supply the Qatar Emiri Naval Forces (QENF) with missiles for their new naval vessels recently procured from Fincantieri.

MBDA will be supplying the QENF in due course with Exocet MM40 Block 3 anti-ship missiles as well as Aster 30 Block 1 and VL MICA air defence missiles, the company said in a statement Wednesday.

Today’s contract signature follows the Letter of Award which was signed in Rome on 16th June within the framework of a Government to Government agreement signed between the Ministry of Defence of Italy and that of Qatar.



NATO Versorgungslager Schirlheide
Da rottenplaces.de del 8 giugno 2016

Vom Nordöstlich der nordrhein-westfälischen Stadt Münster befand sich das Sondermunitionslager Ostbevern-Schirlheide, ein sogenanntes atomares „Versorgungslager Munition“ (VLM). Hier war in neun erdbedeckten Bunkern ausschließlich atomare Munition für die britische Armee eingelagert.

Das Lager diente der Bevorratung und Belieferung der in der Nähe stationierten atomaren Verbände mit ihren kleineren Sonderwaffenlagern (SAS). Der Transport, der als „Air Mission“ bezeichneten Sondermunition erfolgte über den Luftweg. Transportiert wurde die Fracht mit den zweimotorigen Transporthubschraubern vom Typ Vertol CH-47 “Chinook“, des 22nd US-amerikanischen Aviation Detachments. Diese Helikopter waren in der Lage, vor den jeweiligen inneren Sicherheitsbereichen direkt vor den Munitionssheltern zu landen.

Gelagert waren hier regelmäßig Honest John Gefechtsköpfe vom Typ W-31 (Version Mod.0 Y1: 2.000 t, Version Mod.0 Y2: 40.000 t und Version Mod.3 Y3: 20.000 t), Lance Gefechtsköpfe vom Typ W-70 (Version Mod.0: 1.000 t, Version Mod.1: 10.000 t, Version Mod.2: 100.000 t, Version Mod.3: 750 t und Version Mod.4: 1.250 t),

Gefechtsköpfe vom Typ W-33 für die Haubitze 203 mm (Version Mod.0 Y1: 500 t, Version Mod.1 Y2: 40.000 t, Version Mod.1 Y3: 10.000 t und Version Mod.1 Y4: 5.000 t), Gefechtsköpfe vom Typ W-29 für die Haubitze 203 mm (Version Mod.0 Y1: 100 t, Version Mod.0 Y2: 700 t, Version Mod.0 Y3: 1.100 t und Version Mod.1: 800 t) sowie Gefechtsköpfe vom Typ W-48 für die Haubitze 155 mm (Version Mod.0: 72 t und Version Mod.1: 72 t).



General Dynamics To Supply Additional Five CAC2S Deployment Units To US Marine Corps
Da defenseworld.net del 26 aprile 2016

Operational View of Common Aviation Command and Control System limited deployment units (Image: US Marine Corps)

General Dynamics has won a $9 million contract for the procurement of five Common Aviation Command and Control System (CAC2S) limited deployment units (LDUs) for the US Marine Corps.

Exercise of this option brings the total production of CAC2S LDUs to nine. Work is expected to be completed by September 2017, US Department of Defense said in a statement Monday.

CAC2S will provide a complete and coordinated modernization of Marine Air Command and Control System (MACCS) equipment. CAC2S will eliminate current dissimilar systems and provide the MAGTF Combat Element with the hardware, software and facilities to effectively command, control and coordinate air operations integrated with naval, joint and/or combined C2 units.

CAC2S will comprise standardized modular and scalable tactical facilities, hardware and software that will significantly increase battlefield mobility and reduce the physical size and logistical footprint of the MACCS.



Fort Służew. Jeden z najwspanialszych zabytków Ursynowa!
Da haloursynow.pl del 28 marzo 2016

To jeden z najciekawszych zabytków Ursynowa. Fort Służew należał do zewnętrznego pierścienia fortów Twierdzy Warszawa. Jego budowa rozpoczęła się w 1883 roku. Do dziś zachował się wał fortu wraz z rowem fortecznym i koszarami szyjowymi.

Mało kto wie o jego istnieniu. I chociaż ma 125 lat, to mieszkańcy Ursynowa nawet nie mają pojęcia, że na terenie dzielnicy mamy zachowany tak wielki skarb. Znajduje się tuż obok ulicy Nowoursynowskiej.

Fort zajmował powierzchnię około 26 hektarów i był najbardziej wysuniętym na południe Warszawy obiektem obronnym. Była to obrona rozwidlenia dróg wiodących z Warszawy przez wieś Służewiec do Góry Kalwarii i Piaseczna. Twierdza Warszawa składała się z 29 fortów i dużych punktów oporu. Fort Służew VIII wchodził w jej skład.

Budowę fortu zakończono w 1889 roku. Składał się z dwóch wałów. Jeden przeznaczony był dla piechoty, drugi zaś dla artylerii. Już po dwóch latach od jego budowy, postanowiono go zmodyfikować. Fort już w początkowej koncepcji był przestarzały – był za wysoki i zbyt widoczny. Przebudowano go na obiekt jednowałowy, jednocześnie wzmacniając stropy, budując betonowe schrony i magazyny na amunicję. W 1900 roku zadecydowano o kolejnej modernizacji, która tym razem objęła główne drogi dojazdowe, magazyny i stajnie.

W 1909 roku wydano rozkaz wyburzenia - wysadzenia całej fortyfikacji warszawskiej, ale twierdzy nie zlikwidowano do końca. W 1913 wysadzono tylko kaponiery w rowie fortecznym, wykorzystywane do ostrzału. Resztę budowli jedynie rozbrojono.


Nuclear disarmament: the prospects
Da printfriendly.com del 11 marzo 2016

The chances for a treaty banning nuclear weapons worldwide may seem remote. But there are positive trends. South Korean protesters at an anti-North Korea rally, February 2016, Seoul. Getty Images/Chung Sung-Jun. All rights reserved.The closest the world came to nuclear confrontation was the Cuba missile crisis in 1962. The near-catastrophe was one of the drivers for arms-control talks in the mid-1960s, which led to the limited test-ban treaty (LTBT), the non- roliferation treaty (NPT), and other endeavours. But these were never enough to curb the nuclear-arms race.

The next opportunity was in 1985 when Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in the Soviet Union, only two years after the Able Archer "war scare" of 1983. That led to the intermediate nuclearforces treaty (INFC), which got rid of the cruise missiles (based beside Greenham Common) and a few other weapons, but not much else.

Then came the Soviet collapse in 1990-91 and yet another opportunity, which was taken only in part. There was a substantial scaling-down of the ludicrously large nuclear arsenals on both sides (over 60,000 warheads in the late 1980s), but hope of moves towards a nuclear-free world came to nothing.

Since then, there has been a slow process of proliferation focused mainly on India and Pakistan, though North Korea a source of concern and, before the nuclear deal, Iran. Meanwhile the 'original' powers – US, Russia, France, China and the UK, not forgetting Israel – have steadily modernised their forces, albeit at lower numbers than before.

The contrast between the height of the cold war and the current situation should be seen in this light. In the previous era the world peered over the abyss, amid a clear if limited risk of utter global catastrophe. Now, the danger is of a slippery slope towards a proliferating world where 'small nuclear wars in far-off places' may occur and spark escalation.

The past week has confirmed how perilous that slope is becoming. North Korea’s threat of being ready to use nuclear weapons may be bluster, at least for the moment. But for how long? The current US-South Korean military exercise includes simulated attacks on North Korean missile and nuclear facilities and special forces conducting mock 'decapitation raids' on the North Korean leadership, a process unlikely to moderate the existing paranoia.

This kind of standoff does nothing to quieten the voices of those calling for 'nuclear modernisation'. One indicator of this is the determination of Pakistan to expand its nuclear arsenal in the face of the perceived threat from India (see “Dar refuses to reduce the growth of Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal”, Pakistan Today, 3 March 2016).

Senior figures in the Pakistani army have long believed that India’s ultimate aim is to run the whole of south Asia from Afghanistan to Sri Lanka. It is a view that they have long held and one that was strengthened in 1971 when India helped East Pakistan gain its independence as Bangladesh. From Islamabad the assumption in these circles is that India seeks superpower status by drawing in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh and even Sri Lanka into a single state that will be powerful enough to challenge China.

This analysis may seem absurd to many observers. But it is deeply embedded in the Pakistani military mind, and explains the view of finance minister Ishaq Dar: “we will not scale back our nuclear programme even if our debts swell to £100 trillion”.

Meanwhile, on the western side the USAF is now going ahead with its new strategic bomber, fully nuclear-capable as well as being ultra-stealthy. The B-21 will cost $23.5 billion to develop and each plane will cost $564 million. Given that at least a hundred will be built, that means a total expenditure of $80 billion, though all the experience of recent projects indicates massive cost increases over the coming decades.

Into the breach

Taken along with developments in the UK, France, China, Russia and Israel, does this mean prospects for any kind of serious nuclear disarmament are bleak in the extreme? Not necessarily, given that 186 of the 195 member-states of the United Nations do not have nuclear weapons, and many of them are concerned at the minimal impact they have been able to exert on global nuclear disarmament.

It is because of this frustration that another process is being developed through UN channels attempting to work towards a treaty banning nuclear weapons worldwide. This is in the context of several existing nuclear-free zones, stretching across Africa, Latin America and much of the Pacific. The current initiative, however, plans a different approach.

In 2015 the UN general assembly established an Open Ended Working Group (OEWG). Its first meeting was held in Geneva in February 2016. The evolving focus is on the idea of a worldwide ban on nuclear weapons, justified by the illegality of their humanitarian consequences. The continuing failure of other mechanisms means there is surprising support for this for this kind of approach in a number of non-nuclear countries.

Whether it will get anywhere is still open to doubt. But the very fact that there is such interest rebuts the view of the UK's pro-nuclear weapons lobby that getting rid of Britain’s nukes will have no effect whatsoever on the rest of the world. A truth rarely acknowledged, but a truth nonetheless, is that many governments around the world would welcome such a move as a sign that at least one of the world’s few nuclear-armed states was finally seeing sense.

About the author

Paul Rogers is professor in the department of peace studies at Bradford University, northern England. He is openDemocracy's international security adviser, and has been writing a weekly column on global security since 28 September 2001; he also writes a monthly briefing for the Oxford Research Group. His latest book is Irregular War: ISIS and the New Threat from the Margins (IB Tauris, 2016), which follows Why We’re Losing the War on Terror (Polity, 2007), and Losing Control: Global Security in the 21st Century (Pluto Press, 3rd edition, 2010). He is on Twitter at: @ProfPRogers

A lecture by Paul Rogers, delivered to the Food Systems Academy in late 2014, provides an overview of the analysis that underpins his openDemocracy column. The lecture - "The crucial century, 1945-2045: transforming food systems in a global context" - focuses on the central place of food systems in human security worldwide. Paul argues that food is the pivot of humanity's next great transition.


DF-15B short-range ballistic missile technical data sheet specifications pictures video 12002163
Da armyrecognition.com del 20 febbraio 2016

DF-15B short-range ballistic missile


The DF-15B short-range ballistic missile is a further upgraded variant of the DF-15 family. The DF-15B was unveiled for the first time to the public during the 2009 military parade in Beijing, China. The Chinese army (PLA People's Liberation Army) has subsequently introduced the improved DF-15B that featured sectored control fins, GPS midcourse correction, terminal guidance, and control fins on the re-entry vehicle.


- DF-15: first version of DF-15 short-range ballistic missile family
- DF-15C: This version is designed to strike hardened underground facilities by impacting at a steep trajectory.
- M-9: the Iranian version of Chinese DF-15
- Shaheen 1: Pakistani mobile single-stage solid propellant intermediate range ballistic missile, a license-assembled Chinese DF-15

Technical Data

Missile Launch Unit
The missile is located at the rear roof of a TEL (Transporter-Erector-Launcher) vehicle. In firing position two hydraulic circular jacks are lowered on the ground and the missile is erected at the rear of the truck chassis.

Design and protection
The DF-15B missile is an upgraded version of the previous version of the DF-15 missile family with improved accuracy, using control fins, improved terminal radar guidance, control fins on the reentry vehicle, and an active radar seeker and laser rangefinder. It has a range from 50 to 800 km depending on the payload. The DF-15B missile can carried a single 500 kg conventional warhead and its accuracy was said to have dramatically improved to a CEP of 50 - 100 m.

The DF-15B uses a 8x8 military truck chassis TA5450. This vehicle was developed by Taian Special Vehicle Company to carry various missiles, launchers with artillery rockets and other military equipment. The TA5450 has a payload capacity of around 25, 000 kg offering high mobility in all-terrain conditions. A four doors cab is located at the front of the truck chassis which can accommodate 5 military personnel. The TA5450 is motorized with Deutz turbocharged diesel engine, developing 517 hp. This engine is licenseproduced in China. This truck can run at a maximum road speed of 80 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 800 km. The TA5450 has a full-time all-wheel drive. It is fitted with a central tyre inflation system. Tyre pressure can be adjusted by the driver while the vehicle is on the move in order to improve cross-country performance over different types of terrain. A central crew compartment is located in the middle of the truck chassis under the missile to control all the firing operations. There is one single door on each side.

Combat use
The DF-15B short-range ballistic missile system could be quickly mobilized from bases to launch locations via railway. The TEL truck carries the missile to the launch site. The 2010 U.S. DoD Report on the PRC Military Power estimated that 350–400 missiles and 90–110 launchers were in operational deployment with the PLA Second Artillery Corps, though this number may have increased significantly in the future.


Type Armament
Short- range ballistic missile One missile
Country users Range missile
China 50 to 800 km maximum
Warhead Guidance system
HE 500 kg terminal radar guidance
Propulsion Radar and command station
solid propellant motor Command and control vehicle



Russia To Receive First Prototypes Of S-500 Air Defense System This Year: Media
Da defenseworld.net del 2 febbraio 2016

Russian S-400 missile air defense system

Russia will begin pre-tests of its S-500 air defense system prototypes this year.

The deliveries of the prototypes of new system will be delivered this year after the tests are carried out, Sputnik reported Monday without citing any source.

"The new system not only combines the best feats of the previous systems, but also offers completely new possibilities in the field of air, missile and space defense," Viktor Murakhovski member of advisory council of the Military-Industrial Commission; Almaz-Antei was quoted as saying by the media outlet.

Viktor is working on a complex of S-500 ‘Promethey’ surface-to-air missiles from 2010.

S-500 if it becomes operational in 2017 will likely form the main tier of Russian layered integrated air defense system. S-500 is capable of detecting and destroying aerial offensive targets as well as Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBMs) and near space targets. It can fire up to ten ballistic missile warheads flying a speeds of 23000 feet every second. It has a range of 373 miles and can hit targets as high as 115 miles and will be able to intercept warheads incoming from space.



Bunker Bilder
Da architektur-ausstellungen.de del 24 gennaio 2016

Vom Unscheinbar sieht er von außen aus und kaum einer ahnt, was sich hinter seinen gesicherten Eisentüren befindet: der 4.400 m2 große ehemalige NATO-Bunker, der mitten in oder vielmehr unter einem Wohngebiet in Kindsbach liegt, auch „Cave Kindsbach“ genannt. Einmal betreten, strahlt die Anlage eine unglaubliche Faszination aus.

Die Spuren vergangener Zeiten finden sich überall, wie eingefroren und gerade erst verlassen geben sie Zeugnis vom Leben und Arbeiten unter der Erde, von Geheimnissen, Spionage, von Krieg, der in der Luft liegt. Und immer das Gefühl, dass all das in nur einem Moment wieder zum Leben erweckt werden kann.

Absolut still ist es im Bunker, sein morbider Sog, die abplatzende Farbe, die mit weißem Schimmel wie mit Fell überzogenen Holzmöbel, die Überwachungsanlagen und Sicherheitsvorrichtungen, all das haben Fotografinnen und Fotografen der TU in Bilder gebannt.

Entstanden sind beeindruckende, beklemmende und faszinierende Zeugnisse einer nur vermeintlich vergangenen Zeit.



DF-10 CJ-10 DH-10 cruise missile surface-tosurface technical data sheet specifications
Da armyrecognition.net del 23 gennaio 2016
DF-10 / CJ-10 / DH-10 surface-to-surface cruise missile

The DF-10 is a second-generation of Chinese-made mobile launcher surface-to-surface cruise missile manufactured by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Third Academy and the China Haiying Electro-Mechanical Technology Academy. The missile was previously known as the CJ-10 “Long Sword” or DH-10. Foreign media outlets have speculated that China may have acquired the base technology for the DF-10 from the Kh-55 Soviet/Russian subsonic air-launched cruise missile it purchased from Ukraine in the 1990s. The DF-10 is now the world’s most advanced nuclear and conventional groundbased remote cruise missile. The DF-10 makes its first public appearance during the military parade held in 2009 to mark the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.

- KD-20: the air-to-surface variant of the DF-10. Designed to be launched from the H-6K strategic bomber, the attack range of the KD-20 is estimated at between 2,000 and 2,200 kilometers.
- YJ-100: a subsonic anti-ship missile version of the CJ-10 with a range of 800 km (500 mi; 430 nmi). It can be air-launched by the H-6K bomber and JH-7B fighter bomber, and fired from the vertical launch system of the Type 055 destroyer. Technical Data Missile Launch unit The DF-10 Transporter Erector Launcher (TEL) truck is fitted with a three long launch canisters, of octagonal cross section, mounted on the rear of an 8x8 truck chassis. At the rear of the crew cabin there is fully enclosed cabinwhich is used by the operators to control all the firing operations.

The DF-10 missile has a maximum range of 2,000 kilometers, a circular error probable (CEP) of just 5-10 meters and an operational payload of 450 kilograms, the DF-10 is capable of covering all targets in Taiwan and Japan when fired from inside China. The DF-10 missile can used high explosive warhead or submunitions for attacking fighters on runways and tank columns, nuclear warheads and fuel air explosives. The missile uses both GLONASS and GPS satellite systems for guidance, with four different types of warheads available; a heavy variant weighing 500kg, and three 350kg variants: high explosive blast, submunition and earth penetrator.

The DF-10 missile launcher vehicle uses the chassis of the Wanshan WS2400 8x8 military truck. This truck has a front cabin with two doors on each side. The WS2400 is motorized with a Deutz turbocharged diesel engine, developing 517 hp. This engine is produced in China under license. The engine is located behind the cab which is coupled to an ZF automatic transmission. The WS2400 is an off-road tactical vehicle which ran at a maximum road speed of 75 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 650 km. The trucks is also equipped with a central tire inflation system (CTIS) to provide control over the air pressure in each tire of a vehicle as a way to improve performance on different surfaces. Tyre pressure can be adjusted by the driver while the vehicle is on the move. It can climb a 57% slope and cross water up to 1.1 metres deep.

Combat use
The DF-10 is a cruise missile which can be used against terrestrial targets. Cruise missiles are designed to  deliver a large warhead over long distances with high accuracy (i.e. small circular error probability). The H-6K bomber can carry 7 KD-20s (the DF-10 air launched variant), giving the Chinese armed forces the ability to reach Pacific targets distant as Hawaii. The Type 052D guided missile destroyer and Type 093A nuclear attack submarines can carry DH-10s (Naval version of the DF-10) in their vertical launch systems; sea-launched DF-10 variant can cover over 90 percent of all global land mass. There is also the YJ-100, an anti-ship variant that will have an onboard radar and 800km range.


Type Armament
Surface-to-Surface cruise missile Three missiles in individual container ready to fire
Country users Range missile
China 2,000 km maximum
Warhead Guidance system
450 kg GLONASS and GPS satellite systems for guidance
System reaction time Radar and command station
10 sec. Command and control vehicle



Da defenseworld.net del 20 gennaio 2016

Raad cruise missile after being launched from a military aircraft (Image: Inter-Service Press Service)

Pakistan has successfully flight tested indigenously developed Air-Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM), Ra’ad Tuesday. Ra’ad, with a range of 350km, “enables Pakistan to achieve air delivered strategic standoff capability on land and at sea,” Dawn news daily cited the Inter-Services Public Relations as saying Tuesday.

The missile is approximately five metres long and could weigh up to 1,000kg. Special “terrain hugging low level flight manoeuvres enable it to avoid detection and engagement by contemporary air defence systems,” the statement added. The flight test of the cruise missile, which is also known as Hatf VIII, was the seventh since it was first tested in 2007. It is essentially a flying bomb, generally designed to carry a large conventional or nuclear warhead many hundreds of miles with high accuracy. Modern cruise missiles can travel at supersonic or high subsonic speed.

These guided missiles are self-navigating and fly on a non-ballistic very low altitude trajectory in order to avoid radar detection. The most common mission for cruise missiles is to attack relatively high value targets such as ships, command bunkers, bridges and dams. The modern guidance system permits precise attacks.



World War II concentration camp where prisoners were tortured and starved is to be transformed into luxury beach resort with a nightclub and spa, despite protests from locals
Da dailymail.co.uk del 15 gennaio 2016

Montenegro’s government has greenlit plans to transform a former World War II concentration camp into a luxury beach resort with a nightclub, spa and restaurants. The decision has been met with anger from families of those who were imprisoned on Mamula Island while it was occupied by Italian forces under the rule of fascist leader Benito Mussolini. With the goal of transforming the rocky island into a retreat for wealthy clientele, renderings show a restored fortress with an overflow pool and palm trees, VIP area, outdoor dining, a beach club, a marina for superyachts, and a dance floor for parties. Located near Montenegro’s border with Croatia, the circular island, also known as Lastavica, is in the Adriatic Sea at the entrance of the Bay of Kotor. It is dominated by a fort that was built in 1853 under Austro-Hungarian rule to prevent a naval attack. Today, the island is uninhabited and the fortress is unused, but it was the scene of unspeakable horrors during the war, when it was converted into a concentration camp that held more than 2,000 people. Dozens of prisoners were tortured and killed, while others died of starvation. In an attempt to capitalise on interest from tourists, Montenegro’s government advertised it as an investment opportunity in December 2013 and last year agreed a 49-year lease deal with Switzerland-based Orascom Development Holding AG. At the time, the government said the €15million (£11million) project would create 200 jobs. The deal was approved this week, paving the way for the island to be transformed into a four- or five-star resort. A report by Balkan Insight said the plans have angered families of locals who were imprisoned on the island. They urged the government to reconsider, but their appeals were ignored. Before the tender was awarded, Montenegro said any development would have to comply with ‘conservation requirements’ and require government approval, as the island is protected as a cultural monument. Developers were told they would have to preserve and protect the basic form of the structure, layout and inscriptions on the façade while maintaining the cultural and historical character of the fort and the natural environment. Billionaire Samih Sawiris, chief executive and board chairman of Orascom, previously said the resort would include a museum, Balkan Insight reported, but renderings and a map on the project’s website make no mention of one. MailOnline Travel has contacted Orascom for comment. The renderings were produced by Serbian firm Salt&Water in collaboration with Sima Multimedia. Salt&Water said Mamula Island boasts one of the best preserved Austro-Hungarian fortresses in the Adriatic. In order to preserve the unique façade, ‘all potential intervention on the fortress had to be minimised,’ the studio said in a statement.



Fotoausstellung „BUNKER“ der FLAB-AG
Da rottenplaces.de del 5 gennaio 2016

Vom 7. bis 24. Januar ist in der Architekturgalerie der TU in der Rosenstraße in Kaiserslautern die Fotoausstellung „BUNKER“ der FLAB-AG zu sehen. Ausgestellt werden fotografische Werke von Fotografinnen und Fotografen der AG sowie weiteren Fotointeressierten rund um den 4.400 Quadratmeter großen, ehemaligen NATO-Bunker, der mitten unter einem Wohngebiet in Kindsbach liegt. Noch heute strahlt der Stahlbeton-Bolide eine unglaubliche Faszination aus.

Die ausgestellten Werke vermitteln dem Betrachter die Spuren der Vergangenheit, die noch heute deutlich sichtbar sind. Sie zeugen vom Leben und Arbeiten unter der Erde, von Geheimnissen, Spionage, von Krieg, der in der Luft liegt. Gleichzeitig transportieren die Fotografien einen beklemmenden Eindruck aus den verwinkelten Gängen weit unter der Erde.

Ehemalige Überwachungsanlagen und Sicherheitseinrichtungen, abplatzende Farbe und Schimmel der sich über die Holzmöbel gelegt hat – die Fotoausstellung „BUNKER“ präsentiert beeindruckende, beklemmende und faszinierende Zeugnisse einer nur vermeintlich vergangenen Zeit.

Architekturgalerie der TU Rosenstraße 2 67655 Kaiserslautern Vernissage: Donnerstag, 7. Januar, 18.00 Uhr Eintritt ist frei. Ausstellung: 8. – 24. Januar, donnerstags & freitags 15.00 – 18.00 Uhr, samstags 11.00 – 14.00 Uhr und nach Vereinbarung per Mail: info[at]architekturgalerie.org. Eintritt ist frei. di André Winternitz